Oak galls: currants and spangles

Some of the most most complex and diverse galls found on oak trees are caused by tiny gall wasps (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae, Cynipini), with each species producing a characteristically shaped gall. I came across some nice little, currant-like galls this Spring, which were new to me, although very common it seems (see below). These currant galls,…

Insect antennae V.

This blog is dedicated to Andreas Kay (1963–2019), a remarkable biologist and natural history photographer, some of whose photographs I have included below. I never met Andreas, but like many people, I followed him on Facebook and marvelled at his photographs documenting the diversity of life in Ecuador.  He generously shared over 28,000 of his…